Senate Republicans are ramping up their efforts to confirm President TrumpDonald John TrumpTrump: Socialism ‘easy to campaign on but tough to govern on’ Stone’s defense denies using court to generate publicity for his book release Ocasio-Cortez: Trump sets tone of ‘misogyny, racism, conspiracy theory-ism’ MORE‘s judicial nominees, deepening the chamber’s fight over shaping the nation’s federal courts.
Republicans are moving forward on multiple fronts as they advance the president’s picks for influential appeals court seats at a record rate, despite accusations from Democrats that they are trampling over the chamber’s institutional guardrails.
At the same time, some GOP senators expect their party will soon pull the trigger on changing the rules for hundreds of lower court and executive nominees.
Republicans view judicial nominations as a top priority and their best shot at having a long-term impact on the direction of the country given the limits of divided government, as big-ticket GOP agenda items are unlikely to work their way through Congress.
“It’s one thing we can get done for sure that’s going to last a long, long, long time,” said Sen. John CornynJohn CornynTrump tries to win votes in Senate fight GOP senators eye ‘nuclear’ move to change rules on Trump nominees Senate GOP goes down to wire in showdown with Trump MORE (R-Texas), a member of GOP leadership and the Senate Judiciary Committee.
After confirming the first circuit court pick without a blue slip from either senator, Republicans are poised to advance three nominations this week over the objection of both home-state senators. On the floor, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellGOP senators eye ‘nuclear’ move to change rules on Trump nominees Overnight Defense: Trump seeks 0B for defense in 2020 budget | Lawmakers invite NATO chief to address Congress | Top envoy says North Korea denuclearization can’t be done ‘incrementally’ Pelosi, McConnell invite NATO leader to address Congress MORE (R-Ky.) has teed up a vote on Paul Matey’s nomination to serve on the 3rd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.
The blue-slip rule — a precedent upheld by Senate tradition — has historically allowed a home-state senator to stop a lower-court nominee by refusing to return the blue slip to the Judiciary Committee. How strictly the precedent is upheld is decided by the committee chairman, and enforcement has varied depending on who wields the gavel.
In addition to Matey’s nomination, the Judiciary Committee will hold a hearing on Wednesday for Daniel Collins and Kenneth Lee, nominees to fill two vacant California seats on the 9th Circuit, prompting backlash from Sens. Dianne FeinsteinDianne Emiel FeinsteinThousands of Scottish students to be allowed to miss school to join climate protests Senate Dems request probe of White House security clearances The Hill’s Morning Report – Pelosi’s challenge: Getting Dems back on same page MORE (Calif.), the top Democrat on the panel, and Kamala HarrisKamala Devi HarrisTrump: Socialism ‘easy to campaign on but tough to govern on’ Feehery: Dems’ embrace of socialism makes a Trump reelection look inevitable Press: Which way do Dems go in 2020? MORE (D-Calif.), a fellow committee member who is running for the party’s 2020 presidential nomination.
The two California Democrats called on Lee to withdraw his nomination, saying in a Monday letter that his “repeated failure to provide responsive materials to this Committee is a breach of the Committee’s standards and processes — it is not a partisan issue.”
Feinstein, during a Judiciary Committee hearing last week, requested a meeting with Sen. Lindsey GrahamLindsey Olin GrahamOcasio-Cortez doesn’t think Trump impeachment is off the table Graham to push for US to recognize Golan Heights as part of Israel Why block citizenship to immigrants who defend America? MORE (S.C.), who took over as chairman this year, to discuss the blue-slip policy.
“I’ve been on this committee a long time. I’ve never been treated this way,” Feinstein said. “It’s just not right. And maybe the only way we can show it is with a ‘no’ vote.”
Use of the blue slip has emerged as a flashpoint during Trump’s presidency as several Democratic senators have refused to return their paperwork on circuit court nominees from their home states, setting up a round of fights between Democrats and the White House.
The committee sent two picks for the 2nd Circuit to the full Senate last week over the objections of Minority Leader Charles SchumerCharles (Chuck) Ellis SchumerIf Democrats are serious about voting rights, they can’t ignore Puerto Rico O’Rourke teases ‘big announcement’ amid 2020 speculation Murkowski, Manchin call for ‘responsible solutions’ to climate change MORE (D-N.Y.) and Sen. Kirsten GillibrandKirsten Elizabeth GillibrandPress: Which way do Dems go in 2020? The Hill’s 12: 30 Report: Trump unveils budget wish list with domestic cuts, defense hikes Tax Foundation: Bill to restore full SALT deduction would benefit high earners MORE (D-N.Y.).
Schumer has pledged to “strongly” oppose Michael Park and Joseph Bianco’s circuit court nominations, arguing they are another example of the “partisan push by Senate Republicans for hard-right nominees to get lifetime appointments on the federal bench.”
He added on Monday that Trump’s judicial nominees are “by and large … not mainstream conservatives.”
“I know this is what my friend, the majority leader cares about — a hard-right bench. He doesn’t care about the qualifications. He doesn’t care about moderation,” Schumer said.
“He’s running a conveyor belt of political partisans, many with extremely thin legal resumes.”
The backlash over circuit court picks comes as Republicans are mulling using the “nuclear option” to reduce debate time for hundreds of Trump’s nominees, a move that would allow them to implement a significant rule change with only a simple majority.
Republicans hold a 53-47 majority in the chamber.
McConnell suggested during a press conference last week that while he would prefer to have both parties support the rule change, he is prepared for Republicans to go it alone.
“We’re still hoping to have bipartisan support to go forward with the standing order, which would require 60 votes. In the absence of that, it still my desire to try to achieve that, and that’s an issue we’ll have — a discussion we’ll have among Republicans,” he told reporters during a weekly press conference.
The rule change would reduce the amount of debate time required after a nominee clears the first procedural hurdle on the floor. Debate would go from 30 hours down to as little as two hours for district court picks and hundreds of executive nominees.
Supreme Court nominees, circuit court picks, Cabinet nominees and appointees for roughly a dozen independent boards would be exempt from the proposed rule change.
For example, the Senate’s upcoming consideration of Neomi Rao, Trump’s pick to fill the D.C. Circuit Court seat left vacant by Supreme Court Justice Brett KavanaughBrett Michael KavanaughThis week: Trump set for Senate setback on emergency declaration Holder says next Dem president should consider packing courts Senate readies vote on Kavanaugh successor MORE, would not be subject to the new rule if it’s enacted.
Sen. Roy BluntRoy Dean BluntGOP senators eye ‘nuclear’ move to change rules on Trump nominees This week: Trump set for Senate setback on emergency declaration Senate GOP goes down to wire in showdown with Trump MORE (R-Mo.), the chairman of the Senate Rules Committee and a co-sponsor of the resolution, has predicted that Republicans will resolve the issue one way or another by the end of March, though he stressed he was still looking for a bipartisan agreement.
Cornyn, when asked Monday about the timeline for changing the rules, added that it was “coming up pretty soon … maybe when we come back from the recess.” The Senate is expected to leave town by Friday for a one-week recess.
It’s unclear what kind of deal Democrats would support, if any.
Sen. Dick DurbinRichard (Dick) Joseph DurbinTop Senate Dem: Sanders ‘off to a solid start’ in 2020 race Trump’s emergency declaration looms over Pentagon funding fight Bipartisan group of senators petitions Trump for Venezuelan immigration benefits MORE (D-Ill.) said he had spoken with Sen. Lamar AlexanderAndrew (Lamar) Lamar AlexanderGOP senators eye ‘nuclear’ move to change rules on Trump nominees Senate GOP goes down to wire in showdown with Trump Senate GOP eyes big vote against Trump MORE (R-Tenn.) in recent weeks but that nothing had come out of the talks.
“There are a lot of elements that need to be brought into this conversation. I don’t think it will be decided in isolation,” Durbin told The Hill when asked what a deal would include.
Republicans have said they will honor the blue slip for district court nominees, effectively giving home-state senators veto power over a pick.
When asked why Democrats would object to lowering the amount of required debate time with the blue slip for district judges intact, Durbin pointed to the GOP’s decision to move circuit court nominees over the objection of home-state senators. “We’re not just going to lay back and ignore what’s happening here,” he said.
“McConnell is determined to flood the courts.”